568 Forest Machine Hydraulic System Relief Valve (Swing) - Test and Adjust Caterpillar


Relief Valve (Swing) - Test and Adjust
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1.1. Introduction
2.1. Required Tools
3.1. Machine Preparation
4.1. Test Procedure - 568 GF
5.2. Adjustment Procedure
6.1. Test and Adjustment Procedure - 568 LL
7.2. Right Swing Motor
8.2. Left Swing Motor
9.1. Worksheet

Introduction

Two relief valves are located in the head of the swing motor. These relief valves limit the pressure in the left and right swing circuits to the swing relief valve settings. The following procedure will determine if the swing relief valves are out of adjustment.

Required Tools



Illustration 1g01623868
Tooling group "B"
198-4240 Digital Pressure Indicator Gp

Table 1
Tool  Item  Part Number  Description  Qty 
198-4240  Digital Pressure Indicator Gp   
  B1  198-4234  Indicator 
B2 198-4239  Pressure Sensor 41,368 kPa (6,000 psi) 
B3 198-4236  Extension Cable 

Machine Preparation

  1. Position the machine on level ground and stop the engine.

  2. Release the pressure in the hydraulic system. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "System Pressure - Release".


    Illustration 2g02072833
    Pump compartment
    (1) Pressure tap (delivery pressure for drive pump)
    (2) Pressure tap (delivery pressure for idler pump)
    (3) Pressure tap (power shift pressure)

  3. Attach a 41,368 kPa (6,000 psi) pressure sensor to pressure tap (2).


    Illustration 3g02073273
    Pilot manifold
    (4) Solenoid valve for swing parking brake
    (5) Connector

  4. Disconnect connector (5) from the solenoid valve for swing parking brake (4).

Test Procedure - 568 GF

  1. Start the engine.

  2. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 50° ± 10°C (122° ± 18°F).

  3. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for engine rpm settings.

  4. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the UNLOCKED position.

  5. Move the swing joystick slowly and ensure that the swing parking brake is operating properly.


    Illustration 4g02074640
    Swing motor
    (6) Adjustment plug
    (7) Locknut
    (8) Relief valve (right swing)
    (9) Adjustment plug
    (10) Locknut
    (11) Relief valve (left swing)

  6. Slowly move the swing joystick for a full SWING RIGHT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (8) at pressure tap (2). Refer to Table 2 for swing relief pressure.

  7. Return the joystick to the NEUTRAL position.

  8. Slowly move the swing joystick for a full SWING LEFT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (11) at pressure tap (2). Refer to Table 2 for swing relief pressure.

  9. Return the joystick to the NEUTRAL position.

Adjustment Procedure

  1. In order to adjust the swing relief valve, loosen the locknut and turn the adjustment plug until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (2) is within the specification.

    Note: Turning the adjustment plug clockwise increases the pressure. Turning the adjustment plug counterclockwise decreases the pressure.

    Note: Always make final pressure adjustments on pressure rise.

  2. Tighten the locknut to a torque of 120 ± 10 N·m (89 ± 7 lb ft).

Test and Adjustment Procedure - 568 LL

  1. Start the engine.

  2. Place the machine controls at the following settings: engine speed dial "10" and AEC switch OFF. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for engine rpm settings.

  3. Increase the hydraulic oil temperature to 50° ± 10°C (122° ± 18°F).

  4. Place the hydraulic activation control lever in the UNLOCKED position.

  5. Move the swing control lever slowly and ensure that the swing parking brake is operating properly.


Illustration 5g02144062
Swing motors (top view)
(6) Right swing motor
(7) Left swing motor
(8) Relief valve (right swing)
(9) Locknut
(10) Adjustment plug
(11) Adjustment plug
(12) Locknut
(13) Relief valve (left swing)
(14) Relief valve (left swing)
(15) Locknut
(16) Adjustment plug
(17) Adjustment plug
(18) Locknut
(19) Relief valve (right swing)

Right Swing Motor

    Note: A temporary setting of the relief valve pressures for the left swing motor is required to see the relief valve pressures of the right swing motor.

  1. Loosen locknut (15) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (16) by 90 degrees clockwise.

  2. Tighten locknut (15) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  3. Loosen locknut (18) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (17) by 90 degrees clockwise.

  4. Tighten locknut (18) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  5. Slowly move the swing control lever for a full SWING RIGHT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (8) at pressure tap (3).

  6. Return the swing control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

  7. In order to adjust the swing relief valve, loosen locknut (9) on the right swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (10) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (3) is within the specification.

  8. Tighten locknut (9) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  9. Slowly move the swing control lever for a full SWING LEFT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (13) at pressure tap (3).

  10. Return the swing control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

  11. Loosen locknut (12) on the right swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (11) until pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (3) is within the specification.

  12. Tighten locknut (12) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

Note: Turning adjustment plugs (10) and (11) clockwise increases the pressure. Turning adjustment plugs (10) and (11) counterclockwise decreases the pressure.

Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on the pressure rise.

Left Swing Motor

    Note: After the adjustment of the right swing motor is complete, an adjustment of the relief valve pressures for the left swing motor is required to see the relief valve pressures of the left swing motor.

  1. Loosen locknut (15) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (16) by 180 degrees counterclockwise.

  2. Tighten locknut (15) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  3. Loosen locknut (18) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (17) by 180 degrees counterclockwise.

  4. Tighten locknut (18) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  5. Slowly move the swing control lever for a full SWING RIGHT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (19) at pressure tap (3).

  6. Return the swing control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

  7. Loosen locknut (18) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (17) until the pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (3) is within the specification.

  8. Tighten locknut (18) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

  9. Slowly move the swing control lever for a full SWING LEFT operation and check the pressure for relief valve (14) at pressure tap (3).

  10. Return the swing control lever to the NEUTRAL position.

  11. Loosen locknut (15) on the left swing motor. Turn adjustment plug (16) until pressure gauge reading at pressure tap (3) is within the specification.

  12. Tighten locknut (15) to a torque of 117.8 ± 9.8 N·m (86.9 ± 7.2 lb ft).

    Note: Turning adjustment plugs (16) and (17) clockwise increases the pressure. Turning adjustment plugs (16) and (17) counterclockwise decreases the pressure.

    Note: Always make final pressure adjustment on the pressure rise.

Worksheet

Table 2
"Relief Valve (Swing) - Test and Adjust" 
Date  Machine Serial Number 
Machine Settings  Engine Speed 
Engine speed dial "10"
AEC switch OFF
Item  Specification  Actual 
Right Swing  31400 ± 1000 kPa (4554 ± 145 psi)   
Left Swing  31400 ± 1000 kPa (4554 ± 145 psi)   

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